Car crashes can lead to severe head and brain injuries. Brain injuries result from a violent jolt, blow, or bump to the head. The sudden impact of a collision can force a person’s body forward and backward or side to side.
A driver could hit their head on the steering wheel, or a passenger could hit their head on the window. Penetrating injuries can also cause brain injuries when an object enters the brain through a fracture in the skull.
Traumatic brain injuries are serious. Damage to the brain, nerves, tissue, and cells interferes with normal functioning. This type of injury causes a range of debilitating symptoms and physical or mental impairments. Permanent damage to the brain could result in a disability.
Common Types of Brain Injuries
Below are the five most common brain injuries a person can sustain in a car accident.
- Intracranial hematoma – An intracranial hematoma is a clotting or collection of blood outside the blood vessels within the skull. The build-up of blood puts pressure on the brain. Permanent brain damage could result from this type of injury without immediate medical attention.
- Concussion – A concussion is a mild form of a traumatic brain injury. Sudden movement or a violent blow to the head disrupts the brain’s normal functioning. People with concussions have symptoms that can include trouble concentrating, headaches, impaired coordination, and memory loss.
- Diffuse axonal injury – A diffuse axonal injury causes microscopic changes to the brain as it rotates and shifts inside the skull. An external force, such as a car accident, often leads to this type of brain injury and causes tears in the long connective nerve fibers in the brain.
- Hemorrhage – Hemorrhaging anywhere in the body is uncontrollable bleeding. When it occurs in the brain, it can affect the brain tissue or the space around the brain. Any amount of blood can lead to a build-up of pressure.
- Edema – Damage to the brain can cause edema. Injuries often cause the surrounding tissue to swell. However, swelling of the brain can be life-threatening. The skull can’t accommodate the brain as it expands.
Common Symptoms of Brain Injuries
The symptoms of a brain injury depend on the type of injury, its severity, and the area affected by the damage.
A mild traumatic brain injury can lead to symptoms such as:
- Speech difficulties
- Fatigue or drowsiness
- Loss of consciousness for a few seconds or a few minutes
- Blurry vision
- Nausea or vomiting
- Issues with concentration and memory
- Feeling anxious or depressed
- Sensitivity to sound or light
- Changes in mood
- Difficulty sleeping or sleeping more than usual
- Loss of balance or dizziness
The symptoms of a moderate to serve brain injury often include:
- Combativeness, agitation, and other unusual behaviors
- Loss of coordination
- Dilated pupils
- Convulsion or seizures
- Persistent or worsening headaches
- Profound confusion
- Loss of consciousness for a few minutes to several hours
- Repeated nausea or vomiting
- Coma and other consciousness disorders
- Slurred speech
- Weakness or numbness in the toes and fingers
- Inability to wake from sleep
Contact a Dedicated Brain Injury Lawyer in Virginia Beach, VA Today
At The Law Firm of Carlton F. Bennett, P.L.L.C., our legal team doesn’t treat clients as case numbers. We treat each person like family. You will receive personalized attention and support from the moment you hire us.
We have over 47 years of legal experience, and you can depend on us to provide aggressive representation and tirelessly work to try to reach the best possible outcome for you. We will be your advocate and fight to hold the negligent party liable for their misconduct.
If you sustained a brain injury in a car accident due to someone else’s negligence, call The Law Firm of Carlton F. Bennett, P.L.L.C., at 757-260-3675 for your free consultation. Let a knowledgeable and trusted Virginia traumatic brain injury lawyer pursue the justice and compensation you deserve.